The myths of existence
From pre-history to civilization, the existence of human beings has been misguided by myths with far-reaching effects. Thus, the more human civilization has flourished and the more advances there have been in science, the more chaos has occurred. This has become a vicious cycle in human society.
There are several major misleading myths on existence which are:
- The micro perspective of existence which buried the mission and obligations of life so they were never found.
- Whenever dignity has no way of escaping human issues of class, there will be no true harmony in human society.
- Competition is the driving force in the evolution of existence: which has made human societies restless and brought them into conflict with one another.
The major myth:
The major myth is the traditional perspective on existence, which has been mostly based on an exclusively human point of view. Based on this perspective, humanity sees everything that exists as being there to serve its own needs.
An exclusively human perspective of existence directs us away from the view that existence is a phenomenon of which human beings are only a tiny and very recent part. This anthropocentric view of the universe is disorientating because it prevents human beings from finding their true position, mission and obligations within existence.
In fact, human life is a downstream product of existence, according to the scientists who speculate that if the universe’s existence were scaled to one year, the dinosaur age occurred less than two days ago, and the emergence of human civilization has to date lasted less than two minutes.
Existence before the emergence of human civilization may have lacked a human degree of rationality or sensibility or intellectuality or consciousness, but clearly it still existed in the form of a physical world with an intangible culture of nature, on which life-forms were developing . We can categorically say that this must have been so, because without it we could not have evolved.
The author uses the theater as an analogy. The universe is the theater of existence, nature is its stage and life its actors and its audience. Macro Existentialism advocates that existence is essential. The reason for existence is existence itself. The purpose of life is the pursuit of existence. The mission of life is to exemplify and experience existence.
Life is sustained by the three symbiotically co-existing worlds: the material world, the cultural world, and the individual world. All of manmade suffering is derived from the imbalance of these three worlds. That is why taking care of the healthy balance between them is the obligation of life.
Macro Existentialism is a philosophy of Life (Destiny). Whether we believe it or not, or understand it or not, we have no way of escaping life’s experience of existence whenever we are “alive”. What we do have is free will to choose from the many Philosophies of Living (choice) on offer, encompassing all religious belief, in order to determine the finer detail of our own experience of existence.
Once human beings are aware of the mission and obligation of life, human efforts will have orientation, together with the obligation to fulfill the mission. Human life should then involve much less suffering.
The second myth:
That is regarding the structure of the life. Traditionally, humanity has presumed that life was the existence of an individual, rather than the result of the successful co-existence of symbionts. Hence philosophers have argued for millennia over the structure of life as idealism or materialism without ever reaching any universally accepted conclusion.
If life is considered to be the single, free-standing existence of every individual who has it, ego will naturally be thought of as the emperor of that life, and body and mind become its servants or tools or vehicles.
If life is understood to be the successful coexistence of symbionts, ego is a sovereign of body and mind, and will take care of the physical and mental health of the symbiotic relationships that exist within it.
This standpoint is neither idealistic nor materialistic: because our body and our mind are symbionts and should be treated with mutual respect in a balanced way.
Competition is an important strategy of symbiosis and a way of establishing the most viable forms of existence. Among the three fundamentals of wisdom (intellectuality, rationality and sensibility); any resource or capacity of “intellectuality and rationality” can be competed for and ranked.
Only the human spirit and the human sense of dignity- in the realm of “sensibility” – should be free from competition. Each spirit of human life is unique and different. Let every spirit hold on to dignity without competition or struggle, and social harmony will be easy to remain.
When life is looked on as the existence of individuals rather than the existence of mutually interdependent symbionts, human sensibility as spirit or ego or dignity becomes mixed in issues of class and differentiated labeling. This is what leads to the repression of poor people, whose dignity is trampled.
Many people, before they take on positions of power, had their sense of dignity controlled by others. Because power corrupts easily, when people are in power they cannot help perpetuating the abuse of that power: spoiling the dignity of others and creating a vicious cycle within society, thereby creating a lot of resentment.
The “soul/spirit has no hierarchy”. If this idea gained recognition or momentum it would modify the behavior of most people within most communities. If people can live without having to fight for their dignity, whole societies can become more virtuous and peaceful.
This way of thinking should be part of our culture from childhood: to develop mutual respect for others, whatever our similarities and differences. As long as people know to respect and not to harm others, (especially the most vulnerable), there is very little else in the social world we need to be prescriptive about.
The third Myth:
Another myth that has been a major problem for human society is the presumption that competition has been the driving force of evolution, when in fact; symbiosis is the main cause of “the evolution of existence”.
Since time began, existence has evolved through symbiosis. Mass has a symbiotic relationship with space; events have a symbiotic relationship with time; life is the result of a symbiotic relationship between the physical and the spiritual; society is the result of a symbiotic relationship between people; computers depend on the symbiotic relationship between hardware and software. Without symbiosis there would be no existence and no evolution within it. Symbiosis is the way of existence and the major strategy of evolution.
Competition is a strategy that presents itself within a symbiotic system. The struggle is caused by the lack of mutual trust and the results of over-defensiveness. People presume that the main driving force of evolution is competition, which is actually one of the main sources of chaos in the world.
As long as people respect each other and maintain each other’s dignity, each person may choose their way of development and way of existence. It isn’t necessary to require everyone to participate in class competition. Removing that requirement is the way to avoid a vicious circle in society.
Macro Existentialism views existence by placing existence itself at its center. The reason of existence is existence itself; hence we are able to locate the missions and obligations of life within existence. The interpretation of life as the “co-existence of interdependent symbionts” confirms symbiosis as the main cause of evolution; and promoting the rules-set that “the soul/spirit has no hierarchy” modifies damaging myths in traditional human history and promotes the simple way to a better world.